Giving babies a way to ‘talk’ before they can
Logan Katz, 18 months old, knows how to get what he wants as he finishes his bowl of applesauce and rubs his chest with one open palm. His gesture is intentional, and firm. It means “please” in sign language and lets his teacher, Malka Coburn, at The Smith College Center for Early Childhood Education in Northampton, know he wants more.
When she delivers, he digs in, scooping the food into his mouth with his pointer finger before picking up a spoon nearby.
Logan is sitting at a table with half a dozen other babies during snack time at the day care center and the three teachers in this classroom are using American Sign Language to communicate with the children. Some understand the signs but don’t produce them. Others use dozens of them before any verbal language develops, says Coburn.
“Logan, do you want more water?” Coburn holds up three fingers and makes a motion with her hand like she is drinking.
He ignores her this time; his full attention is still on the applesauce.
Another baby, sitting in a highchair across the table, holds her hand up in the air and moves it up and down like she is milking a cow. “Are you thinking about milk?” Coburn asks. “We can get you some milk.”
None of these children, all under 20 months old, has a hearing problem, but sign language is routine here where babies are exposed to signs at as early as 8 weeks old. It is a method used by many educators and parents to give babies a tool to express what they want before they learn to speak, Coburn says.
“It definitely reduces some frustration,” for them.
When the babies need a diaper change, some Smith teachers will sign “change.” If it is playtime, they might sign “play,” but most often the gestures have to do with food, like “more” and “milk.”
“It helps them clue into what is coming,” Coburn said.
Not long after Logan’s parents Matt and Kelly Katz of Belchertown enrolled him in Smith’s program at 10 months old, he began using the sign for please at home when he wanted more of his favorite food: blueberries.
“I still remember when he first started doing it,” Matt Katz said. “That was a really special moment for us. It wasn’t quite like his first step, but it was definitely one of those milestones, like ‘holy crap, this little boy can actually communicate something to me.’ ”
His sign language vocabulary kept growing. At night when he was tired, he would let his mother know he was ready for bed by signing for milk.
When the family went on a plane trip, he signed “thank you” to the flight attendants, a gesture which looks like he is blowing a kiss.
Now Logan can speak about 30 words, says Katz.
He and his wife have no way of telling whether signing hastened his language development, they say, but they’re glad he learned it. “Most people tend to think it is pretty sweet and cute,” Katz says.
Bridging a gap
Some educators, though, think that there are practical reasons for parents to sign with their babies.
Developmental specialists and speech pathologists at the area state-funded REACH program regularly use sign language to help children achieve early communication milestones, according to Michael Hutton-Woodland, director of the REACH Early Intervention program. The program works with infants and toddlers, birth through age 3, who have developmental delays or medical complications from birth.
“Baby sign language is a way to bring the power of expression to kids,” said Sally Rice, a REACH speech and language pathologist.
Speech delays are some of the most common developmental delays and the struggles that come with them can be eased by learning a few simple signs, she says.
The precise, quick movements of articulating speech are pretty challenging, she points out, and the motor skills required for sign language are less complex.
“I am creating another avenue for expression until the child’s motor system can handle talking,” she said. “I am helping to give parents the power of communication that makes sense for the family.”
Babies can understand concepts long before they have the ability to express them verbally, she says, so sign language can bridge the gap.
Sheryl White of Boston, who travels throughout New England teaching sign language to babies and parents, believes that not only does it help babies speak sooner, it promotes literacy. “They have an easier time with reading and writing later on,” she said.
White, who has a degree in psychology and is self-trained in sign language, was at the Emily Williston Memorial Library in Easthampton recently conducting a workshop. She regularly visits libraries and schools throughout the state and gives private consultations with parents through her business Baby Kneads.
White says she started signing with her own babies in the 1990s. Most people hadn’t heard of the practice then, she says, and thought she was odd.
She was motivated to learn signing when her youngest child, Rachel, a colicky baby, was 3 weeks old. Rachel cried incessantly, White says, and she was willing to try anything to communicate with her infant.
Since then, White has seen the popularity of baby sign language take off. The Forbes Library in Northampton has at least 15 books on the topic as well as a number of DVDs. And day care programs, like Smith’s, that teach signing are common.
One parent who attended White’s Easthampton workshop, Maria Moreno, sat on the floor with her 4-month-old, William, the baby’s eyes fixed on White who was blowing bubbles.
As she blew them, she made the sign for the word bubble — a circle with her thumb and pointer finger.
She leaned in close to William’s face, saying the word as she signed it.
The bubbles floated into the air before popping on William’s cheeks. He squirmed and grinned.
“Do you want ‘more ’” White asked as she held her fingers together in front of his face.
Sometimes, she says, she helps babies along by moving their hands into the right positions. They will often start to understand the signs weeks before they can replicate them.
It’s good for their self-esteem,” she said. “The first time they show you a sign, they can be very proud.”
A Northampton couple, Dina Levi and Allie Robbin, used signs like “more” and “milk” routinely soon after their daughter Ezra Robbins Levi was born. They also introduced “help,” which Ezra used when she had trouble opening up her baby gate.
“It was just nice to feel like she was at least a little empowered,” Levi said.
The family had seen friends use sign language with their babies when they lived in the Bay Area in California and were convinced that it worked.
Erza began speaking at around 1, her parents’ say, and these days is a talkative 2½- year-old.
Though Ezra no longer uses any of the signs, her parents say they are glad she had them when she needed them.
“It helped us avoid, I think, a lot of the frustrations,” Levi said.
Lisa Spear can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
By Lisa Spear, Staff Writer
Daily Hampshire Gazette
Tuesday, July 25, 2017